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Bloom's Taxonomy

Become familiar with Bloom's Taxonomy and show it to your students. Instructor and student efforts should focus on moving students up the pyramid to higher-order knowledge.

In 1956, Benjamin Bloom, an educational psychologist, developed a classification of levels of cognitive skills important in learning.[1] In the 1990s, a group of cognitive psychologists, led by Lorin Anderson, updated the taxonomy, changing the original noun-based classification to verbs. The diagram presents the revised framework.

Here is an illustration of the framework as applied in Economics. Students often mistakenly believe that learning is equivalent to memorizing. In contrast, college courses in economics expect students to progress to application and analysis.

  1. Can you remember/recite the definition of opportunity cost?
  2. Can you understand/restate/explain the definition of opportunity cost?
  3. Can you apply the concept of opportunity cost in a given context?
  4. Can you use the concept of opportunity cost to analyze/compare/contrast situations?
  5. Can you suggest and justify using the concept of opportunity cost to analyze a novel economic situation?
  6. Can you evaluate/critique an analysis based on opportunity cost?
  7. Can you create a new use of the concept? Can you create a related concept?