Doctorate participation data

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Since 2005, the percentage of women awarded PhDs in Economics has hovered around 30 to 35 percent, a similar rate to that of undergraduates. This demonstrates that between undergraduate economic programs and graduate economic programs, the Economics pipeline isn’t necessarily “leaky.” Therefore, the percentage of women gaining doctorate degrees in Economics may be more dependent on undergraduate retention rates of women, suggesting a need for a higher focus on encouraging female participation in Economics at an undergraduate level rather than a doctoral level.

Unfortunately, very few PhDs in economics are awarded to underrepresented minorities. The percentages are lower than the participation rates at an undergraduate level but not by a large amount, suggesting once again that the "leak" in the pipeline occurs at the undergraduate level rather than the doctoral level.

Race

The percentage of doctorate degrees in Economics awarded to Black and Hispanic students varies from year to year, generally between 2% and 4% each, but remain lower than those in Political Science and the STEM fields. In 2011 Black and Hispanic students together earned under 8% of the doctorate degrees in Economics. DoctorateDegreeSS.pngDocEcon.pngDoctorateDegreeSTEM.png Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES); Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System(IPEDS) Completions, 1995-2011 (Washington , D.C.: NCES, 2013). Created by data provided by WebCaspar. Includes only U.S. citizens and permanent residents.

Gender

Similar to the undergraduate level, women are significantly underrepresented at the doctorate level in Economics when compared to the STEM fields and to the Social Sciences. In 2011, women earned 35% of the doctorate degrees in Economics. In contrast, in Political Science and STEM fields, women earned 44% and 40% of the research/scholarship doctorate degrees, respectively.

DocDegreeSSGen.pngDocDegreeEcon.pngDocDegreeSTEMGen.png Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES); Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System(IPEDS) Completions, 1995-2011 (Washington , D.C.: NCES, 2013). Created by data provided by WebCaspar.

See more Participation data.